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Luton Borough Council

What is a house in multiple occupation (HMO)?

The legal definition of a HMO is quite complex, but as a guide it is a building, or part of a building, such as a flat, which is either:

  • occupied by more than one household and where more than one household shares (or lacks) an amenity, such as a bathroom, toilet or cooking facilities or
  • converted self-contained flats, but does not meet as a minimum standard the requirements of the 1991 Building Regulation, and at least one third of the flats are occupied under short tenancies

A ‘household’ can be:

  • families (including single people, couples and same sex couples)
  • other relationships, such as foster families, carers and domestic staff living with the householder

HMO – advice for landlords
HMO – advice for tenants

© 2022 Luton Council, Town Hall, Luton LU1 2BQ